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What effects will construction activities have on nearby trees?

Construction of buildings, patios, garages, driveways, sidewalks, and roads often compromises the growing environment of nearby trees.  The majority of a tree’s roots are located in the top 12 to 18 inches of soil and often extend well beyond the edge of the tree canopy (dripline).  Changing the grade by ....

Which trees and shrubs provide food for birds during the winter months?

When attempting to attract birds to the landscape, trees and shrubs that provide food during the winter months are extremely important as natural foods are most limited at this time of year. Trees that provide food for birds in winter include hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), hawthorn (Crataegus species), eastern red cedar ....

Which trees and shrubs have colorful fruit in winter?

The drab winter landscape can be brightened with crabapples that possess colorful, persistent fruit. ‘David,’ ‘Donald Wyman,’ ‘Mary Potter,’ Red Jewel™, and Sugar Tyme® have attractive red fruit. ‘Indian Magic,’ ‘Professor Sprenger,’ and ‘Snowdrift’ have reddish orange fruit, while Golden Raindrops® and Harvest Gold® have yellow to gold crabapples. Two hawthorns ....

How can I prevent deer from rubbing off the bark on small trees in the yard?

In fall, bucks rub their antlers on trees to remove the dried velvet from their antlers and to mark their territory.  This rubbing removes the thin layer of bark on small trees and can seriously damage or destroy them.  Trunk damage typically occurs 1½ to 3½ feet above the ground.  Damage ....

Rabbits have damaged several trees and shrubs in my yard. Can I do anything to save them?

Deciduous trees that have been girdled (the bark has been removed completely around the trunk) have essentially been destroyed.  The best course of action is to replace the girdled trees.  Wrapping the trunk or applying pruning paint to the damaged area will not save the tree.  Most affected trees will ....

How long should I continue to water a newly planted tree?

The roots of trees continue to grow until the ground freezes.  If the weather is dry, continue to water newly planted trees until the soil freezes in winter.  Small trees usually require watering for 1 or 2 growing seasons.  It may be necessary to periodically water large trees for 3 ....

How do I prevent rabbits from damaging trees and shrubs in winter?

The most effective way to prevent rabbit damage to trees and shrubs in the home landscape is to place chicken wire fencing or hardware cloth around vulnerable plants. To adequately protect plants, the fencing material needs to be high enough that rabbits won't be able to climb or reach over ....

Which plants are most likely to be damaged by browsing rabbits in winter?

Trees and shrubs that are often damaged by rabbits in winter include crabapple, apple, pear, redbud, honey locust, serviceberry, burning bush or winged euonymus, flowering quince, barberry, roses, and raspberries. Small evergreens (especially pines) are also vulnerable. However, nearly all small trees and shrubs are susceptible to damage when food ....

How can I prevent damage to trees and shrubs from deicing salts?

Homeowners can minimize salt damage by using deicing salts prudently. Before applying salt, wait until the precipitation has ended and remove as much of the ice and snow as possible. Use deicing salts at rates sufficient to loosen ice and snow from driveways and sidewalks, then remove the loosened ice ....

What are the symptoms of deicing salt injury to trees and shrubs?

The symptoms of salt injury to deciduous trees and shrubs include stunted growth, marginal leaf scorch, early fall coloration, and twig dieback. Accumulation of salt in the soil over several years may result in progressive decline and eventual death. Salt damage to evergreens results in yellowing or browning of ....

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